Vitamin Deficiencies

Vitamin deficiency occurs when there is insufficient intake of essential vitamins. Decreased levels of vitamins may result in an array of miserable conditions and make the body weak and susceptible to many diseases.  These deficiencies normally develop slowly over years and are related to absorption problems or poor nutritional intake. According to the U.S. Dietary Guidelines, there are seven key ingredients that Americans typically are not getting enough of: Calcium, Potassium, Fiber, Magnesium, Vitamin A, Vitamin C, Virtamin D and Vitamin E. 

 

 

Common Signs and Symptoms of Deficiencies

 

Fatigue

Shortness of Breath

Dizziness

Skin Discoloration

Change of Heart Rate

Weight Loss

Numbness of Fingers and Toes

Muscle Weakness

Personality Changes

Loss of Balance

Mental Confusion

Immune System Dysfunction

 

 

Risk Factors for Development of Vitamin Deficiencies

 

Poor Diet (Processed Foods)

Pregnancy

Alcohol Abuse

Prescription Medications

Hemodialysis (Kidney Failure)

Cancer Therapy

Loss of Intrinsic Factor

Chronic Diseases

Smoking

Diabetes

Auto Immune Disorders

Anemia

 

 

Severe Diseases

 

Primary vitamin deficiency, when left untreated, may expand and result in a serious disease. Although there are so many different diseases that are linked to the integrated deficiency of vitamins, the four most common diseases are: Scurvy, Rickets, Beriberi, and Pellagra.

 

Why Micronutrient Testing is so Important?

 

 

NUTRIENT

POTENTIAL FOR DEFICIENCY

WHAT IT DOES

WHERE IT’S FOUND

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS

VITAMIN A

Low

Heath of eyes, immune system, skin, cell growth and development

Milk, eggs, liver, cereals, green vegetables and orange fruits

Night blindness, immune dysfunction, poor fat absorption

VITAMIN B1

(Thiamine)

Very High

Conversion of carbohydrates, fat and protein metabolism and digestion, supports the nervous system, skin, hair, eyes, mouth, liver and immune system

Pork, organ meats, grain cereals, brown rice, wheat germ, bran, Brewer’s yeast, molasses

Poor heart health, age-related cognitive decline, Alzheimer’s, fatigue

VITAMIN B2

(Riboflavin)

High

Metabolism, carbohydrate, protein & fat conversion, digestion, nervous system, skin, hair, eyes, mouth and liver

Brewer’s yeast, almonds, organ meats, whole grains, wheat germ, mushrooms, soy, dairy, eggs, green vegetables

Anemia, decreased free radical protection, cataracts, poor thyroid function, B6 deficiency, fatigue, elevated homocysteine

VITAMIN B3

(Niacin)

Low

Energy, supports digestion, nervous system, skin, hairs, eyes, liver, helps eliminate toxins, improves sex hormones, circulation and reduces stress

Beets, Brewer’s yeast, meat, poultry, organ meats, fish, seeds, nuts

Poor skin health with cracking, scaling skin, digestive problems, confusion, anxiety and fatigue

VITAMIN B5

(Pantothenic acid)

Low

Synthesize cholesterol, fat and carbohydrate metabolism, red blood cell production, adrenal gland function, produce energy

B5 is lost during food processing.  Found in fresh meats, vegetables, grains, Brewer’s yeast

Poor wound healing, skin health, high cholesterol and high triglycerides, fatigue, insomnia, depression, irritability, vomiting, extremity pain, and respiratory infections

VITAMIN B6

(Pyridoxine)

Moderate

Enzyme, hormone, protein metabolism, red blood cell production, DNA/RNA function, B12 absorption and immune system function

Fresh meats, unprocessed grains, nuts, avocados, bananas, fresh vegetables

Depression, sleep and skin dysfunction, mental fog, confusion, anxiety and fatigue

VTIAMIN B12

(Cobalamin)

Very High

Healthy nerve cells, DNA/RNA, red blood cell production, and iron absorption

Fresh meats, eggs, milk, and milk products

Anemia, fatigue, constipation, loss of appetite, weight loss, numbness and tingling in the hands and feet, depression, dementia, poor memory and oral lesions

VITAMIN C

High

Enzyme activation, transmitting hormonal information, blood clotting, cell membrane function, nerve impulse transmission, muscular contraction/tone, irritability, collagen production for skin, cartilage, tendon ligaments and blood vessel, and wound healing

Fresh vegetables & fruits, supplementation

Muscle and nerve irritability,  muscle spasms/cramps & tetany, tooth decay, periodontal disease, depression, hypertension

VITAMIN D

Very High

Helps regulate calcium and phosphorus levels, calcium absorption, and bone mineralization

Sunlight, milk, egg yolks, lever and fish

Osteoporosis, thyroid dysfunction, constipation, brain fog and thinning hair

VITAMIN E

Very High

Antioxidant, cellular oxidation, cell membrane stabilization, immune function, protection from  cardiovascular disease, cataracts, and macular degeneration

Wheat germ, liver, eggs, nuts, seeds, cold – pressed vegetable oils, dark leafy greens, sweet potatoes, avocados, and asparagus

Skin, hair, rupturing of red blood cells, anemia, bruising, PMS, hot flashes, eczema, psoriasis, cataracts, wound healing, muscle weakness and sterility

VITAMIN K

Low

Aids in the formation of clotting factors, and bone proteins and the formation of glucose into glycogen for storage in the liver and muscles

Kale, green tea, turnip greens, spinach, broccoli, lettuce, cabbage, beef liver, asparagus, watercress, cheese, oats, peas, whole wheat

Excessive bleeding, a history of bruising, heavy menses

ALPHA LIPOIC ACID

High

Energy, blood flow to nerves, glutathione levels in brain, insulin sensitivity, Vit C, E & antioxidants function

Supplements, spinach, broccoli, beef, Brewer’s yeast

Diabetic neuropathy, reduced muscle mass, arthrosclerosis, Alzheimer’s, failure to thrive, decrease mental function

BIOTIN

Low

Carbohydrate, fat, amino acid metabolism

Fish, meats, fresh vegetables, grains, legumes, lentils, egg yolks, milk, sweet potatoes, seeds, nuts, wheat germ

Depression, nervous system, premature graying, hair and skin health

CALCIUM

Very High

Bones, teeth, heart health, nerves, muscles, overall function of metabolism and energy

Dairy, wheat, molasses, Brewer’s yeast, nuts, broccoli, cabbage, dark leafy greens, hazel nuts, oysters, sardines and salmon

Osteoporosis, osteomalacia, osteoarthritis, muscle cramps, irritability, acute anxiety, increase risk of colon cancer

CARNITINE

Low

Energy, heart health, oxidization of amino acids, metabolize ketones

Red meats, dairy, fish, poultry, wheat, asparagus, avocados, and peanut butter

Elevated cholesterol, poor liver function, muscle weakness, reduced energy, and impaired glucose

CHROMIUM

High

Assists insulin function, increases fertility, carbohydrate/fat metabolism, essential for fetal growth

Supplements, Brewer’s yeast, grains, seafood, green beans, broccoli, prunes, nuts, potatoes, meats

Metabolic syndrome, insulin resistance, decreased fertility

CO Q10

High

Powerful antioxidant that has been shown to be beneficial for heart health by protecting LDL cholesterol from oxidation and by re-energizing the mitochondria in the heart cells, which is where energy metabolism occurs.

Oily fish, organ meats and whole grains

Congestive heart failure, high blood pressure, angina, mitral valve prolapsed, fatigue, gingivitis, immune system, stroke, cardiac arrhythmias

COPPER

Low

Bone formation, wound healing, energy production, hair, skin and nail color, taste sensitivity, iron absorption, fatty acid metabolism

Oysters, seeds, dark leafy vegetables, organ meats, legumes, grains, nuts, shell fish, chocolate, soybeans, oats, molasses

Osteoporosis, anemia, baldness, diarrhea, general weakness, impaired respiratory function, myelopathy, decreased skin pigment, poor immune system function

FOLATE

Very High

Mental health, infant DNA/RNA, RBC production, iron function, reduced homocysteine

Supplements, grains, tomato juice, green vegetables, black-eyed peas, lentils, beans

Anemia, immune function, fatigue, insomnia, hair, high homocysteine, cardiovascular disease

 

GLUTATHIOINE & N-ACETYL CYSTEINE (NAC)

Very High

Glutathione production, lowers homoscysteine, decreases inflammation, healing properties of the lungs, liver and immune system, decreased muscle fatigue, detoxification

Meats, ricotta, cottage cheese, yogurt, wheat germ, granola and oat flakes

Free radical overload, elevated homocysteine, increased cancer risk, cataracts, macular generation, immune function, toxin elimination

MAGNESIUM

Very High

Over 300 biochemical reactions, muscular & nerve function, heart rhythm, immune system, strong bones, regulates calcium, copper, zinc, potassium and vitamin D

Green vegetables, beans, peas, nuts, seeds, grains

Poor appetite, nausea, vomiting, fatigue, cramps, numbness, tingling, seizures, heart spasms, change in personality, heart rhythms

PANTOTHENATE

Low

RBC production, sex and stress hormones, immune function, healthy digestion of other vitamins

Meat, vegetables, whole grains, legumes, lentils, egg yolks, milk, sweet potatoes, seeds, nuts, wheat germ salmon

Stress tolerance, wound healing, skin problems, and fatigue

SELENIUM

High

Antioxidant, works with vitamin E, immune system function, prostaglandin production

Brewer’s yeast, wheat germ, liver, butter, cold water fish, shellfish, garlic, grains, sunflower seeds, Brazilian nuts

Destruction to heart, pancreases muscles, red blood cells, and immune system

ZINC

Very High

Supports enzymes, immune system, wound healing, taste, smell, DNA synthesis, growth and development

Oysters, shellfish, meat and poultry, legumes, vegetables, nuts and seeds, whole grains, milk and dairy foods

Hair loss, diarrhea, impotence, eye and skin lesions,  appetite, taste, weight loss, poor wound healing, mental fog




powered by BirdEye