Mechanism of action
Semaglutide acts like a natural hormone found in the body known as glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1) . GLP-1 helps to control blood glucose levels, which is why semaglutide is often used to treat diabetes. In addition, it can also help with cardiovascular disease and weight loss via its mechanism. To promote losing weight, semaglutide helps to curb your appetite and reduce food intake1.
Semaglutide comes in different routes of administration, including an oral and subcutaneous form. The incidence of side effects depends on the route in which you take it. Common side effects of semaglutide are oftentimes related to the gastrointestinal (GI) system, which can include stomach pain, constipation, diarrhea, nausea, and vomiting. In addition, semaglutide can cause drowsiness and headaches2.